Super Gonorrhea – rise of the antibiotic-resistant super bug!

According to the scientist in United Kingdom, Gonorrhea might become a super bug which can’t be treated using available antibiotics. This September BBC reported the super bug spreading in northern parts of the England. This outbreak triggered a nation wide alert and  there’s is a huge potential that this become a worldwide threat.

The strain in this outbreak is able to shrug off the antibiotic azithromycin, which is normally used alongside another drug, ceftriaxone.

England’s chief medical officer Dame Sally Davies has written to all GPs and pharmacies to ensure they are prescribing the correct drugs after the rise of a highly drug-resistant strain of the infection.

The warning comes after the national public health alert was triggered in September by an outbreak of highly drug-resistant gonorrhoea in the north of England.

“Gonorrhoea is at risk of becoming an untreatable disease due to the continuing emergence of antimicrobial resistance,” Davies writes.

World Health Organization in this November started a global drive to enlighten the General public on the safe use of Antibiotics, but still in many countries including Sri Lanka Antibiotics are used without proper guidance.

What is gonorrhoea?

Gram stain of Neisseria gonorrhoeae showing characteristic diplococci morphology.
Gram stain of Neisseria gonorrhoeae showing characteristic diplococci morphology.

The disease is caused by the bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

The infection is spread by unprotected vaginal, oral and anal sex.

Of those infected, about one in 10 heterosexual men and more than three-quarters of women, and men who have sex with men, have no easily recognisable symptoms.

But symptoms can include a thick green or yellow discharge from sexual organs, pain when urinating and bleeding between periods.

Untreated infection can lead to infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease and can be passed on to a child during pregnancy.